Polar bears are not only world's largest carnivores but are also world's most discussed endangered animal species. Latest reports show there is somewhere around 25,000 polar bears habitating Arctic area, of which two thirds belong to Canada. In the last 20 years there has been major decline in polar bear population, mostly due to the ice shrinking because of climate change. The two most studied polar bear populations, the one in the western Hudson Bay and the other in southern Beaufort Sea have declined by somewhere around 20 percent. Scientific estimations are even worse since many scientists believe how two-thirds of the world's polar bears will be gone by 2050. Scientists at University of Alberta believe that if this trend continues polar bears will be nothing more than a fond memory withing the next 100 years.
The main problem for such rapid decline is loss of ice cover on Arctic. Approximately ice cover on Arctic is shrinking 10 percent every decade, and less ice means less habitat for polar bears. The worst thing about it is that Canada (that has two thirds of polar bear population) still doesn't take the polar bear problem seriously. There are no adequate programs that would ensure monitoring and research of current polar bear population, mainly because so far there are not enough available funds. What Canada really needs is a national polar bear plan that would primarily ensure protection of polar bear habitats from industrial expansion. However even this national plan isn't enough without the global climate change agreement. And global climate change agreement is unfortunately still in its first phase - talk-promises, talk-promises. And of course more talk, and more promises.