Wednesday, February 11, 2009

Water scarcity in India

India doesn't have enough water, and in years to come things could only worsen as it is expected that India will experience severe water stress by 2020 with the per capita availability of water projected to be less than 1,000 cubic meters. Severe water shortage already caused number of conflicts across the country, with 90 per cent of India's territory served by inter-state rivers. This is because global fresh water supplies were continuously stressed by rising demands from growing population and its ever increasing needs for hygiene, sanitation, food and there are of course industrial needs. In terms of using its water India uses 85 percent of water for agriculture, 10 percent for industry while five percent for domestic use.

Water scarcity map shows that India and China will have big problems with physical water scarcity in years to come.

It is reported that a billion people in the world do not have access to safe water (one sixth of world's population). This is not so surprising when you consider that the world's population tripled in the 20th century, and the use of renewable water resources has grown six times. You can imagine what is going to happen in the next 50 years as it is expected that world population would increase by another 40 to 50 per cent. Water will very soon become the most precious resource on our planet since without the water there's no life, and countries that will struggle the most with water scarcity are very likely to be India and China, that have massive population but lack both enough water, as well as the needed infrastructure to tackle water pollution.

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