Sunday, August 22, 2010
Wildlife management - Definition and its main role
Wildlife management is these days mostly focused on wildlife conservation, and this requires help of many other scientific disciplines such as chemistry, biology, ecology, climatology and geography to get the best possible results.
Biodiversity loss is huge problem around the globe, and as you already know many plants are at the brink of the extinction. The ultimate goal of wildlife management is to stop extinction of many endangered species but in today's situation this is almost an impossible task due to many different ecological problems such as climate change and pollution.
Many animals are in trouble due to habitat loss, and some are threatened with the invasive species. Improving animal habitat is the key to success and this can be achieved with several different techniques such as reforestation, pest control, nitrification and denitrification, irrigation, hedge laying, etc.
Wildlife management also needs to find balance between the species, and ensure the perfect food chain functioning. Achieving this delicate balance sometimes even involves using certain unpopular methods such as hunting and culling that are criticized by environmentalists.
Wildlife management is multidimensional task that needs to view things from many different perspectives before choosing the perfect technique for given wildlife habitat. This makes wildlife management very complex science, which makes things very difficult for wildlife managers.
If we look at current situation in United States we can see that US wildlife management practices are often implemented by a governmental agency to uphold a law, the best example to this is the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Wildlife management is also the main preoccupation of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.