Thursday, August 16, 2012

Which approach is the best in conservation of species?

Many animal and plant species are finding it extremely hard to adapt to environmental changes brought by different environmental issues such as climate change, pollution, deforestation and habitat loss. 

The entire life on our planet is connected with a simple but yet very effective principle of global food web, meaning that every species count, no matter how small or big it is. Since many species are already being brought at the very brink of extinction we need to find the approach that will guarantee the best possible conservation of species.

Many scientists believe that the 'single species' approach to conservation is inadequate and that we should be focusing on encompassing species across an entire ecosystem into the conservation equation because only this can lead to positive results.

Of course, there are many different factors involved all of which can determine the success of conservation efforts but the right approach is the first thing we should start with. In this case, it means focusing on entire ecosystems rather than on single species. 

To learn why certain species is declining in population we first need to gather all the possible knowledge about the ecosystem this species is a part of. Each species that is part of the ecosystem has either direct or indirect effect on other species because all life in certain ecosystem is interconnected.

What this really means is that the extinction of any species within the given ecosystem can create a ripple effect across a food web, with far-reaching negative consequences for many other animals and plants that are part oft his ecosystem.

Mammals, reptiles, birds, insects - all of these animals play their important role in global food web, and each species counts. Together with focusing on entire ecosystems rather than on single species we should also give conservation a more global character because ecological problems have become global problems, meaning that each and every country must increase its conservation efforts, directly or indirectly.

We simply cannot survive alone on this planet.

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